Makrooh Meaning In Islam In Urdu

Makrooh Meaning in Urdu (مکروہ کا اردو میں معنی)

اسلامی فقہ میں مختلف اعمال اور ان کے احکام کو جاننے کے لیے کچھ مخصوص اصطلاحات استعمال کی جاتی ہیں۔ ان اصطلاحات میں سے ایک اہم اصطلاح "مکروہ" ہے۔ "مکروہ" ایک عربی لفظ ہے جس کا اردو میں ترجمہ "ناپسندیدہ" یا "ناپسندیدہ عمل" کے طور پر کیا جاتا ہے۔

Makrooh Meaning in English

In Islamic jurisprudence, various terms categorize actions and their rulings, one of which is “Makrooh” (مكروه). This term plays a crucial role in understanding the moral and legal framework within Islamic teachings. “Makrooh” is an Arabic word that translates to “disliked” or “detestable” in English.

Definition of Makrooh

Makrooh refers to an action that is disliked or discouraged in Islam but is not sinful or punishable if performed. It is preferable to avoid such actions, and abstaining from them is recommended, earning the person reward from Allah. However, engaging in Makrooh actions does not incur sin or punishment.

Types of Makrooh

Islamic scholars categorize Makrooh into two main types based on the degree of disapproval:

  1. Makrooh Tahrimi (مكروه تحريمي):
    • This is a more severe form of Makrooh. Actions classified as Makrooh Tahrimi are strongly discouraged and close to being Haram (forbidden). Avoiding these actions is highly recommended and often obligatory. Performing them may lead to some level of accountability, though not as severe as Haram actions.
    • Example: Selling goods during the call to Friday prayer (Jumu’ah) without intending to attend the prayer.
  2. Makrooh Tanzihi (مكروه تنزيهي):
    • This is a less severe form of Makrooh. Actions classified as Makrooh Tanzihi are mildly disliked and should be avoided to maintain piety and cleanliness in one’s deeds. Engaging in these actions does not incur sin, but abstaining from them is considered praiseworthy.
    • Example: Eating garlic or onions before attending communal prayers due to their strong smell which can disturb others.

Scholarly Opinions

The classification and understanding of Makrooh can slightly differ among the four major Sunni schools of thought:

  1. Hanafi School:
    • The Hanafi scholars distinguish clearly between Makrooh Tahrimi and Makrooh Tanzihi. They emphasize the importance of avoiding Makrooh Tahrimi due to its proximity to Haram.
  2. Shafi’i School:
    • The Shafi’i scholars recognize the concept of Makrooh but often use a single category without as much emphasis on the distinction between Tahrimi and Tanzihi.
  3. Maliki School:
    • The Maliki scholars, like the Shafi’i, do not always differentiate as explicitly but recognize the importance of avoiding Makrooh actions to attain higher spiritual and moral standing.
  4. Hanbali School:
    • The Hanbali school also acknowledges the concept of Makrooh and advises Muslims to avoid such actions, though they may not emphasize the distinction as rigorously as the Hanafi school.

Examples of Makrooh Actions

Several actions are generally classified as Makrooh based on the teachings of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) and scholarly consensus:

  1. Eating Strong-Smelling Foods Before Prayer:
    • Consuming foods like garlic or onions before attending congregational prayers is Makrooh because it can disturb others due to the strong smell.
  2. Using Excess Water in Wudu (Ablution):
    • Wasting water during the ritual ablution is discouraged and considered Makrooh.
  3. Praying at Forbidden Times:
    • Performing voluntary prayers at certain times, such as immediately after Fajr or Asr until the sun rises or sets, is Makrooh.


Makrooh actions in Islam are those that are discouraged but not sinful. There are two types:

Makrooh Tahrimi, which is closer to Haram and should be avoided as much as possible, and Makrooh Tanzihi, which is less severe but still better to avoid.

Understanding the concept of Makrooh helps Muslims strive for higher spiritual and moral conduct by avoiding actions that, while not sinful, are better left undone to maintain piety and cleanliness in their worship and daily lives.

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