Is Turkey Halal In Islam?

Determining whether turkey is halal in Islam involves understanding Islamic dietary laws, which are based on the Quran, Hadith, and scholarly consensus. These sources provide the criteria for what is considered permissible (halal) and forbidden (haram) to eat.

General Principles from the Quran and Hadith

Quranic Evidence: Allah says in the Quran:

حُرِّمَتْ عَلَيْكُمُ الْمَيْتَةُ وَالدَّمُ وَلَحْمُ الْخِنزِيرِ وَمَا أُهِلَّ لِغَيْرِ اللَّهِ بِهِ
"Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah."

This verse outlines the major categories of forbidden food. Birds like turkey are not mentioned explicitly, leading to further analysis through Hadith and scholarly interpretations.

Hadith Evidence: The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said:

"If the slaughtering tool causes blood to gush out and if Allah's name is mentioned, eat (of the slaughtered animal)."
(Bukhari 5504, Muslim 1968)

This hadith emphasizes the method of slaughter and invocation of Allah’s name, which are critical criteria for determining if an animal is halal.

    Specific Characteristics of Turkey

    Turkeys are birds, and to determine their permissibility, we consider the general rules regarding birds in Islam:

    1. Birds with Claws: Birds that hunt with their claws (e.g., eagles, hawks) are generally considered haram.
    2. Non-Predatory Birds: Birds that do not use claws for hunting and are not scavengers are generally considered halal.

    Scholarly Opinions

    1. Hanafi School: The Hanafi school permits the consumption of turkeys, viewing them as similar to other halal birds like chickens.
    2. Shafi’i, Maliki, and Hanbali Schools: These schools also permit the consumption of turkeys, emphasizing that they are non-predatory birds and do not fall under the prohibited categories.


    Based on the Quran, Hadith, and the opinions of classical scholars:

    • Turkeys are considered halal in Islam.
    • They must be slaughtered according to Islamic law, ensuring that Allah’s name is invoked, and the blood flows out.

    This consensus across the major schools of thought affirms the permissibility of consuming turkeys, provided they are slaughtered in accordance with Islamic guidelines.

    Leave a Comment

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

    Scroll to Top