Does Vomiting Break Your Fast?

One common question regarding fasting pertains to whether vomiting breaks the fast. This issue is addressed through Islamic jurisprudence by examining the Quran, Hadith, and scholarly consensus.

Hadith Evidence

The Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) provided guidance on various matters related to fasting, including vomiting. This significant hadith clarify the ruling on vomiting during a fast:

"Whoever is overcome by vomiting, then he does not have to make up the fast, but whoever vomits intentionally must make up the fast."

This hadith indicates a distinction between intentional and unintentional vomiting.

Scholarly Opinions

  1. Unintentional Vomiting:
    • If a person vomits unintentionally or is overcome by nausea and vomits without deliberately inducing it, the fast remains valid. The person does not need to make up the fast later.
  2. Intentional Vomiting:
    • If a person intentionally induces vomiting, whether by inserting a finger into the throat or through other means, this act breaks the fast. The individual must make up for the invalidated fast on another day (Qadha).


In summary, vomiting during a fast can be classified into two categories with different rulings:

  • Unintentional Vomiting does not break the fast. No need to make up the fast.
  • Intentional Vomiting breaks the fast. Requires making up the missed fast on another day (Qadha).

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